Indians in Chengdu
Chengdu ([ʈʂʰə̌ŋ.tú] ( listen)), formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which has served as capital of China’s Sichuan province. It is one of the three most populous cities in Western China (the other two are Chongqing and Xi’an). As of 2014 the administrative area houses 14,427,500 inhabitants, with an urban population of 10,152,632. At the time of the 2010 census, Chengdu was the 5th-most populous agglomeration in China, with 10,484,996 inhabitants in the built-up area including Xinjin County and Deyang’s Guanghan City.
Elevation: 500 m
Local time: Thursday 2:44 PM
Weather: 20°C, Wind N at 6 km/h, 51% Humidity
Population: 14.43 million (2014)
Archaeological discoveries at the Sanxingdui and Jinsha sites have established that the area surrounding Chengdu was inhabited over four thousand years ago. At the time of China’s Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, it represented a separate ancient bronze-wielding culture which—following its partial sinification—became known to the Chinese as Shu. In the early 4th century bc, the ninth king of Shu’s Kaiming dynasty relocated from nearby Pi County, giving his new capital the name Chengdu. Shu was conquered by Qin in 316 bc and the settlement refounded by the Qin general Zhang Yi. (A Chinese legend explains the town’s nickname “Turtle City” by claiming Zhang planned the course of his city walls by following a turtle’s tracks.) Although he had argued against the invasion, the settlement thrived and the additional resources from Sichuan helped enable the First Emperor of Qin to unify the Warring States which had succeeded the Zhou.
Chengdu Guide Map
Located in the middle part of the Chengdu Plain, Chengdu is situated between 30°5’N and 31°26’N, 102°54’E and 104°53’E. It adjoins Deyang on the northeast, Ya’an on the southwest, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture on the northwest and Meishan on the south. Abundant rivers, the fertile plain and favorable climate endow it with a beautiful name ‘the Land of Abundance’.